Talk abstract details

Rotational periods for subgiant stars observed by CoRoT
J.D. do Nascimento Jr., J. S. da Costa and M. Castro


Rotation can have a major effect on stellar physics (e.g., waves, magnetic fields, hydrodynamic mechanisms and general stellar structure and evolution). On this context, we present rotation period measurements for subgiant stars observed by CoRoT. Interpreting the modulation of stellar light that is caused by star-spots on the time scale of the rotational period depends on knowing the fundamental stellar parameters. Constraints on the angular momentum distribution can be extracted from the true stellar rotational period.
By using models with an internal angular momentum distribution and comparing these with measurements of rotation periods of subgiant stars we investigate the agreement between theoretical predictions and observational results. With this comparison we can also reduce the global stellar parameter space compatible with the rotational period measurements from subgiant light curves. We can prove that an evolution assuming solid body rotation is incompatible with the direct measurement of the rotational periods of subgiant stars. Measuring the rotation periods relies on two different periodogram procedures, the Lomb-Scargle algorithm and the Plavchan periodogram. Angular momentum evolution models were computed to give us the expected rotation periods for subgiants, which we compared with measured rotational periods. On this study we show evidence of a sinusoidal signal that is compatible in terms of both phase and amplitude with rotational modulation. Rotation periods were directly measured from light curves for 30 subgiant stars and indicate a range of 30 to 100 d for their rotational periods.

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